What Can Nathan Eovaldi Learn from Brandon McCarthy?

Brandon McCarthy got off to a rough start in 2014 with the Arizona Diamondbacks. Between the atrocious ERA (5.01) and the seemingly endless supply of baseballs leaving the yard (HR/FB rate of 20%), the D’Backs cut their losses and dealt McCarthy to the Yankees in early July for Vidal Nuno. What the Yankees saw was a pitcher who was terribly unlucky and just needed a little more time for variance to run its course. Well, and maybe a few things that needed adjusting.

McCarthy was among the league leaders in BABIP at the time of the trade with a .345 mark, and many seemed to think this number had to come down. BABIP after all is pretty volatile, and takes several years to stabilize, so we can expect a large amount of variance in a time period as short as a few months. The real questions are: how deserving was McCarthy of an inflated BABIP? Are there tendencies that make some pitchers more prone to higher rates than others? What can teams do to fix higher BABIPs?

First, let’s take a look at McCarthy’s zone profiles in 2014 before being traded.

No wonder hitters were teeing off against McCarthy; lefties saw plenty of offerings over the middle of the plate while righties were exclusively pitched low-and-away. Hitters could walk up to the plate with confidence knowing they’d either get a pitch in their wheelhouse or only in a few spots. This took any advantage of unpredictability out of the hands of McCarthy and subjected him to a higher than average BABIP.

Now, let’s look at how they changed after being dealt.

After coming over to New York, McCarthy looks like a completely different pitcher. The biggest changes appear to be throwing inside on right handed hitters and keeping the ball away from left handed hitters. His new found ability to mix up his locations helped keep hitters off-balance.

As for McCarthy’s pitch selection before and after the trade, that changed as well.

Left Handed Hitters

Month Fourseam Sinker Cutter Curve Change
4/14 5.60 45.60 26.40 22.40 0.00
5/14 9.26 50.74 18.52 18.89 2.59
6/14 12.00 46.80 6.00 29.20 5.60
7/14 11.92 47.69 18.46 21.92 0.00
8/14 25.38 23.24 25.38 25.69 0.00
9/14 32.02 18.72 19.21 30.05 0.00

Right Handed Hitters

Month Fourseam Sinker Cutter Curve
4/14 2.29 66.06 6.88 23.85
5/14 5.06 61.60 3.80 29.54
6/14 8.70 55.56 3.38 32.37
7/14 21.74 46.64 15.42 15.81
8/14 24.35 43.91 13.65 18.08
9/14 24.61 45.55 10.47 19.37

Left handed hitters saw a dramatic increase in four-seamers, with the sinker, cutter, and curve all being mixed in rather evenly. Righties also saw a drift away from the sinker and a more even distribution of pitches. The result was a modest .307 BABIP from July onwards. This all makes me wonder if the Yankees have found a market inefficiency — pitchers with an excellent skill set, an inflated BABIP, and zone profiles plus pitch arsenals that were all too predictable. Alter the sequencing to fix the pitcher, and you’ll see the outcomes line up more accurately with the underlying skill set.

Well, if they did it once, can they do it again? Or at least try to?

Enter Nathan Eovaldi. Eovaldi has impressed scouts for years with a blazing mid-90’s fastball. Unfortunately, the results haven’t matched his potential. Like McCarthy, Eovaldi was marred by the same tendencies- an inflated BABIP (.323) with an ERA that’s well above his FIP (4.37 vs 3.37), but he had an impressive walk rate (1.94 BB/9). His zone profiles provide some insight as well:

Eovaldi pitched almost exclusively down-and-away to right handed hitters in 2014, much like McCarthy before coming over to New York. Left handed hitters saw a buffet of pitches in the bottom half of the zone, with a high percentage coming low-and-in.  Eovaldi’s pitch usage was rather predictable as well.

Left Handed Hitters

Month Fourseam Sinker Curve Slider Change
4/14 65.86 0.60 10.88 18.73 3.93
5/14 58.63 0.00 10.42 21.82 9.12
6/14 64.11 0.27 15.34 15.62 4.66
7/14 60.43 2.13 14.89 15.74 6.81
8/14 63.64 2.69 17.85 14.81 1.01
9/14 56.70 1.55 23.71 9.28 8.76

Right Handed Hitters

Month Fourseam Sinker Curve Slider Change
4/14 62.40 2.33 1.55 32.95 0.78
5/14 66.35 0.00 0.00 33.65 0.00
6/14 57.33 0.00 1.33 40.89 0.44
7/14 59.66 1.72 3.00 35.62 0.00
8/14 64.93 0.00 1.87 33.21 0.00
9/14 55.16 3.14 7.62 33.18 0.90

Eovaldi features a fastball, slider and curve against LHH and only a fastball and slider against RHH. This would help explain his higher-than-normal BABIP — he’s just too predictable. Hitters known they can wait on 1 or 2 pitches in a general area and have good chance of guessing correctly. While Eovaldi didn’t have as wide of a pitch selection to choose from as McCarthy, I’m willing to bet the Yankees work with him to change this. I’m thinking that we see either a new pitch all together, or perhaps he works with pitching coach Larry Rothschild on his sinker and/or change. These adjustments plus more variance in the pitch location department could make a world of difference for Nathan Eovaldi in 2015.





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RobM
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RobM

Like a number of teams today, the Yankees have a pretty robust analytics department, so your point on them targeting certain type of pitchers is probably valid. Also, as has been outlined here on FG in the past, Rothstein has a long history dating back to the Cubs of helping pitchers improve their K and swing-and-miss percentage, something thst Eovaldi needs. What’s not mentioned and is just as key is the Yankees reliance on pitch framing post Posada. From Russell Martin, to Chris Stewart, to Francisco Cervelli and now Brian McCann, pitch framing is an area they push and helped… Read more »

Out of the Way
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Out of the Way

Hadn’t noticed before, but there seems to be a mass transit connection between New York and Pittsburgh when it comes to catchers, including Martin, Stewart and now Cervelli. How long before either McCann or Murphy shows up? The Pirates are big on pitch framing too, which probably explains it. The Yankees conversion probably occurred a little earlier because if I remember correctly they also Jose Molina. The Yankees trading Jesus Montero may now make more sense in hindsight. If true, have to wonder if there other catching prospect, Sanchez, has any chance of making the team. His bat seems fine,… Read more »

Bono
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Bono

Interesting comparison. I know that when McCarthy came over the Yankees encouragement to use his cutter was part of what he attributed to his success. Apparently the D’backs didn’t want him using it at all, though the chart shows it was used against lefties. I haven’t heard anything specifically about location, but McCarthy stated the ability to use the cutter at will was something he liked and that made him more comfortable. I’m also remembering Eno’s post after the trade about Eovaldi ditching the change-up. I thought his article was fairly compelling, but this seems to be the other side… Read more »