If you haven’t heard anything about what Albert Pujols’ value will be over the next 7-10 years, I suggest you go here…Or here…Or here…Or take a look at the discussion here. Haven’t had enough? Read on.
Somebody is going to sign Pujols to a massive contract in the next 12 months. That contract will likely be hard to justify in projected on field value alone. If you are a fan of the team that gets him, after you get done saying PUJOLSAWESOMEBASEBALLYAY, you may want to know what his expected value will be and then take some time rationalizing the contract to yourself and justifying it to rival fans.
Through his age 30 season, Pujols has accumulated 80.6 WAR. Only 17 position players have accumulated even 70 WAR through their age 30 season. I eliminated Babe Ruth because his first few seasons were as a pitcher and his average WAR was astronomical as a position player to the point it would not be fair to include him as a comp. Ty Cobb’s 106.1 also puts him out of Pujols’ range. That left the following list of players who averaged 81.03 WAR through their Age 30 seasons.:
Ken Griffey Jr Jr. 78.6
Eddie Matthews 82.3
Alex Rodriguez 79.4
Jimmie Foxx 91.5
Rickey Henderson 71.8
Mel Ott 85.9
Mickey Mantle 74.6
Lou Gehrig 78.7
Eddie Collins 81.6
Rogers Hornsby 94.6
Stan Musial 78.8
Ted Williams 72
Tris Speaker 82.2
Hank Aaron 83.2
Willie Mays 80.3
Here are the averages for their next 11 seasons (Only the first five years include A-Rod’s stats; the last 6 seasons are averaged over 14 players):
Age 31-7.51 WAR
Cardinals fans should be happy with Pujols’ production in the last year of his current contract, where he projects for $37.55 million in value on a $16 million salary. However, production tails off severely in what would be years 7-10 of the contract. The total average value of the players Age 32-41 seasons comes to 36.71 WAR, and at $6 million per WAR, we are looking at $220.26 million over 10 years. If Pujols is getting $300 million, the team is likely to get less than value. However, the contract can be rationalized. Here’s how:
Option 1: Assume Pujols can stay reasonably healthy*
Matthews, Fox, Mantle and Gehrig did not even play during years 6-10. By removing all the years where a player did not play at least 100 games significantly helps Pujols’ numbers. During the Age 32-36 years, 15 of the 75 seasons did not reach 100 games. In the other 60 seasons, the players averaged 6.46 WAR per season. Over the first five years of a Pujols contract, using $5.5 million per win, we have $177.65 million in value. During the second five years, only 32 of 75 seasons reached 100 games, averaging 3.61 WAR. Using $6.5 million per win over the last five years of the contract we come to $117.33 million in value. Adding the two numbers, we come to 294.98 million, within range of the targeted 300 million. If he stays healthy the first five years at 6.46 WAR per season, he would need 18.8 WAR over the last five years to justify $300 million, something only Williams, Aaron and Mays did.
Note: Pujols would not need to remain completely healthy to achieve these numbers, but would need to average a 139 games every year, not an easy task to do through age 41.
*Option 1 could also be assisted for the Cardinals or an NL team that signs Pujols by Bud Selig’s retirement, people getting tired of seeing pitchers hit poorly or injured while hitting, and the NL then getting the DH. Or, signing with an AL team. Of his comps, only Griffey, Jr, and eventually A-Rod, had the DH as a possibility, and Griffey did not have it until midway through his Age 38 year.
Option 2: Assume massive inflation in baseball salaries over the next ten years
If free agent salaries skyrocket and reach $8 million per WAR over the next ten years, as opposed to the six I used, the projection above makes Pujols worth $300 million over ten years. If salaries reach 8 million per WAR, there may be a whole host of other problems that I would rather not consider.
Option 3: Take your chances he continues the course of becoming the greatest right-handed hitter of all time.
Of the players listed above, six of the 14(jury is still out on A-Rod) hit it big (Collins, Musial, Williams, Speaker, Aaron, Mays), averaging 56.22 WAR, and providing 337.32 million in value in 2012-2021 equivalents. Pujols has been fantastic. He may very well establish himself as an All-time great alongside the above-mentioned well-aged stars.
Option 4: Lower your expectations when it comes to on-field value
This one is the most subjective. If you knew you were going to keep the best player in baseball and one of the All-time greats for the rest of his career, might you take less than full value? If one of the other options was your hated rival, might you pay a little bit more for less on the field? Those are generally fan questions, but don’t think they wouldn’t cross an owner’s mind as well. Would you cement your legacy as the one who kept Pujols or the one who let him leave? Are the attendance and jersey sales greater than if you simply put out a winning product? What happens if he approaches 700 or even 800 homers? Is there a value on ensuring he does not do that with another team? The question is how much of a loss on the field are you willing to take. If Pujols’ value is 220 million over ten years, you would have to discount about a quarter of the expected performance.
If you discount his on-field performance, what should a team offer?
If his value is 220 million over ten years, and you are willing to take a 10 percent discount on performance, you’ve got a ten year deal for 244 million. This is a non-starter as the average annual value is less than what Ryan Howard just received.
What if we bumped it down to a nine year deal. Pujols’ comparables averaged 36.12 WAR over their Age 32-40 seasons. At 5.9 million per WAR, this amounts to 213.11 million. Taking a ten percent discount in on field value, you have 236.8, an AAV of 26.31. This one is fair, and an option to be presented, but it doesn’t exceed the AAV for A-Rod’s deal.
How about an eight year deal? Pujols’ comps averaged 34.62 WAR over eight years. At 5.8 million per WAR, it amounts to 200.8 million, and 223.1 million with a ten percent on-field discount. The AAV is 27.8, trumping A-Rod and another option to be considered.
Under a seven year deal, with the comps averaging 32.2 WAR, at 5.7 million per WAR and a ten percent on-field discount, we arrive at 203.9 over 7 years, and an AAV of 29.1 million.
Should a team provide an on-field discount regarding expectations? Some criticize the statistical community for failing to consider intangibles when it comes to valuing players. The reasonable response is that whatever the intangibles are, they are borne out in the statistics. If the intangibles relate to fan reputation, merchandise, Jeterness, or, in Pujols’ case, the valuation of the franchise itself, should there be a different standard? Are any of my proposals reasonable for Pujols and ownership?
Craig Edwards can be found on twitter @craigjedwards.